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防冻型纳米乳化石蜡PF-EPF的研制与应用

赵春花 夏小春 项涛 耿铁 苗海龙

赵春花, 夏小春, 项涛, 耿铁, 苗海龙. 防冻型纳米乳化石蜡PF-EPF的研制与应用[J]. 钻井液与完井液, 2016, 33(5): 9-14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2016.05.002
引用本文: 赵春花, 夏小春, 项涛, 耿铁, 苗海龙. 防冻型纳米乳化石蜡PF-EPF的研制与应用[J]. 钻井液与完井液, 2016, 33(5): 9-14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2016.05.002
ZHAO Chunhua, XIA Xiaochun, XIANG Tao, GENG Tie, MIAO Hailong. Development and Application of Antifreeze Nano Emulsified Paraffin PF-EPF[J]. DRILLING FLUID & COMPLETION FLUID, 2016, 33(5): 9-14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2016.05.002
Citation: ZHAO Chunhua, XIA Xiaochun, XIANG Tao, GENG Tie, MIAO Hailong. Development and Application of Antifreeze Nano Emulsified Paraffin PF-EPF[J]. DRILLING FLUID & COMPLETION FLUID, 2016, 33(5): 9-14. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2016.05.002

防冻型纳米乳化石蜡PF-EPF的研制与应用

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2016.05.002
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵春花,博士,1987年生,现在主要从事油田化学方面的研究。电话18632661868;(010)84528462;E-mail:zhaochh16@cosl.com.cn。

  • 中图分类号: TE254.4

Development and Application of Antifreeze Nano Emulsified Paraffin PF-EPF

  • 摘要: 为解决普通纳米石蜡乳液低温下易析出石蜡并凝结成固态,导致钻井现场无法正常应用的问题,选用液体石蜡作内相,多元醇水溶液为外相,在复合乳化剂的作用下,通过合适的乳化分散工艺(相转变组分法),制备了一种防冻型纳米乳化石蜡PF-EPF。通过室内实验,研究了水相、表面活性剂的HLB值、含量、乳化温度和油相含量等因素对PF-EPF性能的影响,得到了适宜的制备工艺,即多元醇溶液质量分数为50%~70%,体系的HLB值在10左右,油剂比为1:1,乳化温度为80℃,体系的油相含量在30%左右,在此条件下制备的乳化石蜡PF-EPF平均粒径在160 nm左右,凝固点最低达到-30℃,防冻能力突出,并具有良好的稳定性。加入2% PF-EPF以后,海水基浆的PPT滤失量(砂盘孔径为5 μm)从18.8 mL减少到10 mL左右,加入3% PE-EPF后使PEC钻井液的PPT滤失量从17.2 mL减少到6.4 mL。评价实验表明, PE-EPF能够明显提高钻井液的封堵性,起到防止井塌、提高钻速和保护油气层的作用。该剂在渤海区域CFD6-4-6D井也取得了很好的应用效果,应用前景广阔。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-07-09
  • 刊出日期:  2016-09-30

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