留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

一种抗高温梳型两性离子聚合物降黏剂

邓正强 张涛 黄平 罗宇峰 王国帅 贺垠博 蒋官澄

邓正强,张涛,黄平,等. 一种抗高温梳型两性离子聚合物降黏剂[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2024,41(2):178-183 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2024.02.006
引用本文: 邓正强,张涛,黄平,等. 一种抗高温梳型两性离子聚合物降黏剂[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2024,41(2):178-183 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2024.02.006
DENG Zhengqiang, ZHANG Tao, HUANG Ping, et al.A high temperature comb and zwitterionic polymer thinner[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid,2024, 41(2):178-183 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2024.02.006
Citation: DENG Zhengqiang, ZHANG Tao, HUANG Ping, et al.A high temperature comb and zwitterionic polymer thinner[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid,2024, 41(2):178-183 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2024.02.006

一种抗高温梳型两性离子聚合物降黏剂

doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2024.02.006
基金项目: 中石油川庆钻探工程有限公司钻井液技术服务公司“抗温 200 ℃高密度水基钻井液体系” (CQ2022B-18-1-3)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓正强,工程师,1989年生,毕业于中国石油大学(北京),现在从事钻井液与完井液工作。E-mail:dengzhengq_sc@cnpc.com.cn

    通讯作者:

    蒋官澄,教授,博士研究生导师。E-mail:m15600263100_1@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TE254.4

A High Temperature Comb and Zwitterionic Polymer Thinner

  • 摘要: 针对深井超深井钻井中高密度水基钻井液黏度高、易高温增稠等流变性调控难题,以对苯乙烯磺酸钠盐、2-丙烯酰胺基-2-甲基丙磺酸、2-烯丙基-2-甲基氯化铵、烯丙基聚氧乙烯醚为单体,合成了一种抗高温梳型两性离子聚合物降黏剂ZT-1。采用红外光谱表征了降黏剂的分子结构,验证梳型两性离子聚合物合成的成功,采用热重分析表征了降黏剂的热稳定性,其分解温度达250 ℃。ZT-1具有良好的抗高温耐盐钙降黏分散性能,抗温240 ℃,可抗饱和盐,抗2%氯化钙;ZT-1加量为0.3%时,老化温度为200 ℃,在评价浆中的降黏率可达77.7%,在高密度(2.4 g/cm3)水基钻井液体系中表观黏度的降低率达33%,塑性黏度的降低率达14%,动切力降低率达67%。ZT-1性能优于阴离子降黏剂磺化丹宁以及常规线性两性离子聚合物降黏剂XY-27和ADS共聚物,这种梳型两性离子聚合物降黏剂在超高温超高密度钻井液中具有良好的应用前景。

     

  • 图  1  降黏剂ZT-1的红外光谱图

    图  2  降黏剂ZT-1的热重图

    图  3  0.3%不同降黏剂老化前后降黏效果(200 ℃、16 h)

    图  4  0.3%不同降黏剂老化后抗盐钙性能(200 ℃、16 h)

    图  5  ZT-1在基浆中的粒径分布图对比

    图  6  ZT-1在重晶石分散液的粒径分布图对比

    表  1  ZT-1加量对评价浆流变参数的影响

    ZT-1/%AV/mPa·sPV/mPa·sYP/Paφ100DI/%
    012.066.015.0
    0.17.043.08.046.7
    0.26.042.06.060.0
    0.34.531.54.570.0
    0.47.043.07.053.3
    0.58.053.08.046.7
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  在评价浆中加入0.3%ZT-1前后的性能

    ZT-1/
    %
    T老化/
    AV/
    mPa·s
    PV/
    mPa·s
    YP/
    Pa
    φ100DI/
    %
    0室温12.066.015.070.0
    0.37.043.04.5
    018013.067.016.073.3
    0.37.043.05.0
    020014.077.018.077.7
    0.34.531.54.0
    022016.088.019.078.9
    0.35.041.04.0
    024017.089.019.068.4
    0.39.063.06.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  ZT-1在不同盐水中的降黏率(200 ℃、16 h)

    污染物AV/mPa·sPV/mPa·sYP/Paφ100DI/%
    空白4.531.54.070.0
    10%NaCl4.031.04.073.3
    15%NaCl4.531.54.570.0
    20%NaCl6.042.05.066.6
    30%NaCl7.052.05.563.3
    36%NaCl7.052.05.563.3
    0.5%CaCl26.051.05.076.2
    1.0%CaCl26.033.04.078.6
    2.0%CaCl27.043.06.070.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  ZT-1在现场2.4 g/cm3高密度钻井液中的降黏效果

    ZT-1/
    %
    T老化/
    φ100φ6φ3AV/
    mPa·s
    PV/
    mPa·s
    YP/
    Pa
    FLHTHP/
    mL
    0室温50109107.09215.0
    200832118122.57151.512.2
    0.3室温425492.07517.0
    2004910778.06117.010.0
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 蒋官澄,吴学诗,鄢捷年,等. 深井水基钻井液高温高压流变特性的研究[J]. 钻井液与完井液,1994(5):18-23,71.

    JIANG Guancheng, WU Xueshi, YAN Jienian. Study on the rheology property of water based drilling fluid at high temperature and high pressure[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid, 1994(5):18-23,71.
    [2] 刘四海,蔡利山. 深井超深井钻探工艺技术[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2002,19(6):116-121. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2002.06.037

    LIU Sihai, CAI Lishan. Drilling technologies for deep wells and ultra-deep wells[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid, 2002, 19(6):116-121. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2002.06.037
    [3] 贾敏,黄维安,邱正松,等. 超高温(240 ℃)抗盐聚合物降黏剂的合成与评价[J]. 化学试剂,2015,37(12):1067-1072.

    JIA Min, HUANG Weian, QIU Zhengsong, et al. Synthesis and evaluation of polymer viscosity reducer with ultra-high temperature (240 ℃) and salt tolerance[J]. Chemical Reagents, 2015, 37(12):1067-1072.
    [4] 夏凯. 抗高温共聚物降黏剂的合成及其性能研究[D]. 武汉: 武汉理工大学, 2016.

    XIA Kai. Study on the synthesis and properties of copolymer viscosity agent with high temperature resistance[D]. Wuhan: Wuhan University of Technology, 2016.
    [5] 张民. 钻井液用降黏剂的合成与评价[D]. 北京: 中国石油大学, 2010.

    ZHANG Min. Synthesis and evaluation of the thinner for drilling fluid[D]. Beijing: China University of Petroleum, 2010.
    [6] 郝彬彬,李文波. 超高温耐盐型稀释剂HF-2的合成与性能评价[J]. 广东化工,2018,45(8):69-71. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-1865.2018.08.033

    HAO Binbin, LI Wenbo. Synthesis and performance evaluation of ultra high temperature salt-tolerant diluent HF-2[J]. Guangdong Chemical Industry, 2018, 45(8):69-71. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-1865.2018.08.033
    [7] 强天佩,黄凯,李竞,等. 钻井液用抗温抗盐稀释剂TX的研制与应用[J]. 石化技术,2016,23(2):154-157. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-0235.2016.02.119

    QIANG Tianpei, HUANG Kai, LI Jing, et al. Development and application of salt and temperature resistant diluent TX for drilling fluid[J]. Petrochemical Industry Technology, 2016, 23(2):154-157. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-0235.2016.02.119
    [8] 李骑伶,赵乾,代华,等. 对苯乙烯磺酸钠/马来酸酐/木质素磺酸钙接枝共聚物钻井液降黏剂的合成及性能评价[J]. 高分子材料科学与工程,2014,30(2):72-76. doi: 10.16865/j.cnki.1000-7555.2014.02.015

    LI Qiling, ZHAO Qian, DAI Hua, et al. Synthesis and characterization of calcium lignosulfonate grafted with p-styrenesulfonate and maleic anhydride[J]. Polymer Materials Science & Engineering, 2014, 30(2):72-76. doi: 10.16865/j.cnki.1000-7555.2014.02.015
    [9] JARRETT M, CLAPPER D. High temperature filtration control using water based drilling fluid systems comprising water soluble polymers: US7651980 B2[P]. 2010-01-26.
    [10] 王富华,王瑞和,王力,等. 钻井液用抗高温抗盐钙聚合物降黏剂JNL-1的研制与评价[J]. 油田化学,2009,26(1):1-4. doi: 10.19346/j.cnki.1000-4092.2009.01.001

    WANG Fuhua, WANG Ruihe, WANG Li, et al. High temperature calcium and salt resistant polymer thinner JNL-1 for water base drilling fluids: preparation and evaluation[J]. Oilfield Chemistry, 2009, 26(1):1-4. doi: 10.19346/j.cnki.1000-4092.2009.01.001
    [11] 明显森,彭新侠,李强,等. 水基钻井液降黏剂JNG-1的合成与性能评价[J]. 应用化工,2014,43(1):124-127. doi: 10.16581/j.cnki.issn1671-3206.2014.01.044

    MING Xiansen, PENG Xinxia, LI Qiang, et al. Synthesis and performance evaluation of water-based drilling fluid viscosity reducer JNG-1[J]. Applied Chemical Industry, 2014, 43(1):124-127. doi: 10.16581/j.cnki.issn1671-3206.2014.01.044
    [12] 赵晓非,陈娟娟,娄刚,等. MA/SAS/AMPS共聚物耐高温钻井液降黏剂的研制[J]. 化工科技,2014,22(2):38-41. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-0511.2014.02.010

    ZHAO Xiaofei, CHEN Juanjuan, LOU Gang, et al. Study on Ma/SAS/AMPS copolymer high temperature thinner for drilling fluid[J]. Science & Technology in Chemical Industry, 2014, 22(2):38-41. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-0511.2014.02.010
    [13] 王光平,吴洋,刘大海,等. 抗温耐盐型钻井液降黏剂合成与性能评价[J]. 应用化工,2015,44(10):1897-1900,1904. doi: 10.16581/j.cnki.issn1671-3206.2015.10.029

    WANG Guangping, WU Yang, LIU Dahai, et al. Synthesis and performance evaluation of thinner for drilling fluid used at high temperature and salt[J]. Applied Chemical Industry, 2015, 44(10):1897-1900,1904. doi: 10.16581/j.cnki.issn1671-3206.2015.10.029
    [14] 徐运波,蓝强,张斌,等. 梳型聚合物降滤失剂的合成及其在深井盐水钻井液中的应用[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2017,34(1):33-38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2017.01.006

    XU Yunbo, LAN Qiang, ZHANG Bin, et al. Synthesis and application of a comb polymer filter loss reducer in deep well saltwater drilling fluid[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid, 2017, 34(1):33-38. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-5620.2017.01.006
    [15] 张城,刘帅,袁翊,等. 两性离子聚合物降黏剂的制备与性能评价[J]. 油田化学,2023,40(1):7-11.

    ZHANG Cheng, LIU Shuai, YUAN Yi, et al. Preparation and performance evaluation of zwitterionic polymer viscosity reducer[J]. Oilfield Chemistry, 2023, 40(1):7-11.
    [16] 任亚青,吴本芳. 耐盐耐高温超稠油降黏剂的研制与性能评价[J]. 油田化学,2020,37(2):318-324. doi: 10.19346/j.cnki.1000-4092.2020.02.023

    REN Yaqing, WU Benfang. Development and performance evaluation of super heavy oil viscosity reducer with heat resistance and salt tolerance[J]. Oilfield Chemistry, 2020, 37(2):318-324. doi: 10.19346/j.cnki.1000-4092.2020.02.023
  • 加载中
图(6) / 表(4)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  45
  • HTML全文浏览量:  10
  • PDF下载量:  18
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-23
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-03
  • 刊出日期:  2024-04-02

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回