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深水井筒海水聚合物钻井液水合物生成抑制与堵塞物处理方法

吴艳辉 代锐 张磊 朱志潜 高禹 刘楷 徐鹏 张雨

吴艳辉,代锐,张磊,等. 深水井筒海水聚合物钻井液水合物生成抑制与堵塞物处理方法[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2023,40(4):415-422 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2023.04.001
引用本文: 吴艳辉,代锐,张磊,等. 深水井筒海水聚合物钻井液水合物生成抑制与堵塞物处理方法[J]. 钻井液与完井液,2023,40(4):415-422 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2023.04.001
WU Yanhui, DAI Rui, ZHANG Lei, et al.Study on methods of gas hydrate inhibition and blockage treatment using seawater polymer muds in deepwater well drilling[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid,2023, 40(4):415-422 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2023.04.001
Citation: WU Yanhui, DAI Rui, ZHANG Lei, et al.Study on methods of gas hydrate inhibition and blockage treatment using seawater polymer muds in deepwater well drilling[J]. Drilling Fluid & Completion Fluid,2023, 40(4):415-422 doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2023.04.001

深水井筒海水聚合物钻井液水合物生成抑制与堵塞物处理方法

doi: 10.12358/j.issn.1001-5620.2023.04.001
基金项目: 中海油重大科技专项“南海西部油田上产2000万方钻完井关键技术研究”(CNOOC-KJ 135ZDXM38ZJ05ZJ)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴艳辉,高级工程师,1988年生,现在从事海洋深水钻井技术工作。E-mail :wuyanhui_cnooc@126.com。

  • 中图分类号: TE254.3

Study on Methods of Gas Hydrate Inhibition and Blockage Treatment Using Seawater Polymer Muds in Deepwater Well Drilling

  • 摘要: 在南海西部深水钻井过程中对于水合物的防治过于保守,使用的水合物抑制钻井液——HEM钻井液成本高,钻速低。为了降低钻井液成本,缩短钻井周期,针对深水钻井过程中低成本聚合物钻井液下水合物生成堵塞风险与处理方法问题, 结合南海莺琼盆地BD区块钻井情况,对聚合物钻井液下不同气体组分的水合物生成相平衡曲线,不同工况下水合物生成区域,井筒水合物堵塞处理等开展了研究,得到不同工况下井筒水合物生成风险区域,优选了动力学抑制剂聚M-乙烯基己内酰胺作为水合物生成抑制剂,热力学抑制剂乙二醇作为水合物堵塞解堵剂,并在室内设计形成10种新型动力学抑制剂,其中动力学抑制剂DS-A3对水合物的生成有良好的抑制效果。实验研究以及BD某井现场应用表明:①在正常钻井循环、压井、关井工况下没有水合物生成区域,不会有水合物生成堵塞风险;②综合考虑抑制效果与成本,0.8%聚M-乙烯基己内酰胺对井筒水合物的抑制效果最好,45%的乙二醇对于解除井筒水合物堵塞风险效果最好;③在没有特殊复杂井下工况情况下,只要停钻时间不超过15 h,可以直接使用聚合物钻井液进行深水钻井,平均单井钻井液成本下降50%~70%,创造良好的经济效益。

     

  • 图  1  不同气体组分的聚合物钻井液水合物相平衡曲线

    注:①100%甲烷;②92%甲烷+5%乙烷+3%丙烷;③80%甲烷+5%乙烷+5%丙烷+5%CO2+5%N2

    图  2  不同浓度NaCl下海水聚合物 钻井液的水合物相平衡曲线

    图  3  不同浓度聚合醇下海水聚合物 钻井液的水合物相平衡曲线

    图  4  不同动力学抑制剂的水合物相态曲线

    注:①海水聚合物钻井液+1%聚乙烯基吡咯烷酮;②海水聚合物钻井液+1%聚M-乙烯基己内酰胺;③海水聚合物钻井液+1%聚乙烯基-顺丁二烯二酞亚胺;④海水聚合物钻井液。

    图  5  不同浓度聚M-乙烯基己内酰胺的水合物相态曲线

    图  6  0.3%浓度的新型动力学抑制剂 性能评价(21 ℃ 、20 h)

    图  7  钻井循环工况下水合物生成堵塞区域

    图  10  停钻工况下水合物生成堵塞区域

    图  8  压井工况下水合物生成堵塞区域

    图  9  关井工况下水合物生成堵塞区域

    表  1  常压低温下水合物在乙二醇和聚M-乙烯基己内酰胺中的分解时间(0.1 MPa,2.1 ℃)

    乙二醇/
    %
    分解时间/
    min
    聚M-乙烯基
    己内酰胺/%
    分解时间/
    min
    0 20.67 0 21.42
    30 12.32 0.3 20.77
    35 9.27 0.5 19.37
    40 8.78 0.8 18.77
    45 8.33 1.0 17.57
    50 8.52 1.5 17.43
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-03-05
  • 修回日期:  2023-04-06
  • 录用日期:  2023-05-05
  • 刊出日期:  2023-07-30

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